Sexual isolation- the reluctance of males and females of different species to mate with each other- can be a major cause of speciation in many animals. How many genes must change to produce sexual isolation? Some argue that species differences must involve change across many genes, perhaps hundreds, but the recent application of molecular techniques for gene mapping is suggesting, surprisingly, that single genes can play a large role in many ecologically important traits.

Identification of genes affecting behavior is difficult; behavioral traits can be time consuming to measure and are prone to environmental influences. Although researchers have found mutations in single genes that affect behavior, it is not clear whether or not these genes are involve in variation within species or in species differences. In addition, most behaviors are quantitative traits and, therefore, must be influenced by multiple genes. For these reasons, I am using quantitative genetics to examine natural variation within and between species.

Drosophila is an ideal model system for behavioral genetic analysis because the genetics of the organism are so well known and because it has reliably performed, quantifiable behaviors. My research uses two species that do not normally mate with each other. These species differ in female cuticular hydrocarbons (detected by the males) and male courtship songs (produced by wing vibrations and heard by females). Through quantitative trait loci analysis on backcross individuals, we can measure the cosegregation of these traits with molecular markers. Preliminary results indicate that songs are polygenic, but surprisingly are influenced by genes of major effect that are probably not those identified in single gene mutation analyses. Cuticular hydrocarbon composition is affected by fewer major loci and we are currently testing candidate genes for this trait.



Lab news:

9/24/14:  Kaila Colyott passed her oral exam and has been admitted to PhD candidacy!

7/25/14  Sadie Rhoads, Luanne Hale, Thomas Anneberg and Scott Sapp presented their posters at the KU Undergraduate Summer Research Poster Session.  Sadie will now return to Metropolitan Community College- Penn Valley to finish her high school diploma and associates degree.  Luanne will stay in the lab as an IMSD student this fall.  Thomas is in his last year at KU.  Scott, having graduated, will be moving on next week.

7/23/14  Luanne Hale and Sadie Rhoads presented their research in talks at the REU symposium

5/21/14 Sadie Rhoads and Luanne Hale have joined the lab as REU students for the summer

5/18/14  Andrew Harsh, Scott Sapp, Frank Auten and Lydia Gyamfi have all graduated with bachelor’s degrees.

5/2/14 Kaila Colyott won first prize for early grad students in the KU Sigma Xi competition last month at the University graduate student research competition.

4/29/14 Kaila Colyott has been award a scholarship to attend the Summer Institute in Statistical Genetics this summer.

4/5/14:  Paula Roy and Denny Swartzlander took first and second place respectively in the poster competition for the Kansas Academy of Science.  Kaila Colyott took first place in the poster competition for the Kansas Entomology Society

3/14:  Denny Swartzlander, Kaila Colyott AND Paula Roy all received KU Doctoral Student Research Funds Awards!

9/13:  Chao Cheng will be a visiting scholar in the lab

5/13: Seoun Wook Hwang, Shenyu Qian and Rui Lin Yang all graduated with a BS

2/13:  Paula Roy will join us in the fall as a new PhD student

12/12: Eric Esko graduated with a BA

5/13/12:  KJ graduate with a PhD!  Jen graduated with a BS!

5/2/12:  Denny has received a fellowship to attend the Summer Institute in Statistical Genetics


Last updated 7/30/14

 

Welcome to the Gleason Lab


Behavioral Evolutionary Genetics

Ecology and Evolutionary Biology

The University of Kansas